Key demographics Combined data
(n=778)
Korean data
(n=528)
Chinese data
(n=250)
Age 71.2 (0.000) 74.8 (0.000) 18.8 (0.224)
Education 101.5 (0.000) 33.1 (0.000) 46.0 (0.000)
Entry year to the United States 22.6 (0.031) 31.7 (0.000) 22.7 (0.030)
English speaking ability 87.2 (0.000) 84.1 (0.000) 11.4 (0.248)
English reading ability 122.6 (0.000) 84.9 (0.000) 17.5 (0.042)
Monolingual vs. bilingual 83.8 (0.000) 58.6 (0.000) 6.7 (0.083)