1. Comprehension
Lack of comprehension of terms resulting from:
Use of the term “in-kind” (compensation, borrowing)
Use of highly technical terms to refer to selected household assets
Use of the acronym “ONG” to refer to nongovernmental organization
Use of the term “active member”
Use of the term “satisfied”
Mistranslation of the term “income” as “profit”
Lack of comprehension of concepts:
Ambiguous reference period (seasonality of agricultural practice)
Speaking up in public
Decisionmaking on new purchases of goods
Input into decisionmaking: questions not understood
Motivation for decisionmaking: questions not understood
Motivation for decisionmaking: “think poorly of me” interpreted as threatening
2. Retrieval
Recall of agricultural activities over the past 12 months
Understanding agricultural or farm activities as being limited primarily to what occurs in the field
Accurate recall of times for the daily time use and activity log
3. Judgment
Hesitation to report on respondents’ income generating activities
Hesitation to report their position on speaking out in public for workers’ rights and against misbehavior by authorities or elected officials
4. Response
Difficulty with 1–10 scaled response on satisfaction with amount of leisure time
Difficulty with range of available responses reflecting the extent to which respondents could make personal decisions on household activities